精读第二课的文章

This is the second essay I wrote for class. The prompt was about Chinese food.

甚至麦当劳也不一样!

我们世界有各种各样的文化, 它们有自己独特的特点和习俗。在大部分的社会中,文化和当地饮食彼此互相影响。由于这种特别紧密的关系,因此了解文化,注意每个国家制作的饮食是免不了的。譬如,在美国人的吃的方式上, 除了吃中国菜,即使人们常常聚一起吃,他们还是各点各的, 各吃各的,共吃一盘菜的场合非常少。这个习俗意味着美国注重个性自由的文化。

此外,美国人对吃饭的要求也比中国人讲究得多。很多美国人认为吃肉既损害健康而且多动物很残酷, 所以他们根本不吃肉。然而中国人完全不一样。中国人则把团聚的感情寄托在吃饭上。中国人聚一起吃饭的时候, 点的菜的菜份之所以比美国的多是因为中国人共吃一盘菜。

另外,甚至在餐具上我们也可以看到中国文化的影响。 在美国,服务员给你的餐具取决于你点的菜,点牛排的话就上叉子和特别的牛排刀子,点一片比萨的话,有时候甚至连盘子也不给。中国人则主要有两种餐具:勺子和筷子。中国的文化反映了这种情况。中国人不用刀子,因为中国菜已经切好了,所以上刀子也不合算。中国人用一样的餐具从一样的盘子夹菜吃,不用浪费时间把菜切好,只要使劲儿嚼就行了。

Even the McDonald’s is Different!

Our world is filled with many different cultures, each with their own unique customs. In most societies, culture and cuisine are intrinsically tied together. Due to this especially close relationship, in order to understand a culture, it is imperative to pay attention to what and how the people of the culture eat. For example, in American food culture, besides Chinese food, even when with close friends and family, Americans still order individually, and eat their food individually. It is exceedingly rare for Americans to eat from the same plate. This custom signifies the emphasis on individuality and freedom in American culture.

Moreover, Americans are much more fickle than Chinese people when it comes to food. Many Americans believe that eating meat is not only harmful to the body, as well as cruel to animals, so many refuse to eat meat. However, the Chinese are completely different. Chinese people place togetherness and family on the act of dining together. When Chinese people come together to share a meal, the portions of food are so much bigger than the portions in America because they are to be shared with everybody at the table.

In addition, culture can also be seen in the types of utensils used. In America, the type of utensil that a waiter will bring you depends entirely upon the food you ordered–a steak is served with a fork and a special steak knife, and pizza is sometimes served without even a plate, much less utensils. The Chinese on the other hand only use two main utensils: a spoon and chopsticks. Chinese culture is reflected in this circumstance. The Chinese do not use a knife to eat, because Chinese food is always cut up into edible pieces beforehand, so using a knife is neither practical nor necessary. At a Chinese meal, Chinese people all use the same utensil to grab food from the same plate, without wasting time on special cutting tools and techniques–all they have to do is chew a little better and they are fine.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: